Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map
Using various visualizations (i.e., images, charts, and graphs), students will explore the energy exchange that occurs when hurricanes extract heat energy from the ocean. This story map is intended to be used with students who have access to a computing device in a 1:1 or 1:2 setting.
Resources Needed Per Student:
- Using an internet accessible device, students open the link to the Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map Lesson to begin their exploration of this phenomenon.
- Distribute the Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map Student Data Sheet. Have students navigate on their own through the Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate tabs of the story map to answer the questions and complete the activities on their student data sheet.
The passage of a hurricane causes a large transfer of heat between the ocean surface and the atmosphere. It also causes surface waters to diverge, bringing cooler water from below to the surface (upwelling). These effects are so large that they can be seen by a drop in sea surface temperature (SST) in satellite data observations along the path of the storm. The cooler water conditions may last for a week or longer after the storm.
To learn more, visit:
- The Hurricane Dynamics Phenomena page for background information
Virtual Teachers: Make a copy of the Google Form of your choice so that you may assign it directly from your Google Drive into your Learning Management System (e.g., Google Classroom, Canvas, Schoology, etc.). Do you need help incorporating these Google Forms into your Learning Management System? If so, read this Guide to Using Google Forms with My NASA Data.
Teachers who are interested in receiving the answer key, please complete the Teacher Key Request and Verification Form. We verify that requestors are teachers prior to sending access to the answer keys as we’ve had many students try to pass as teachers to gain access.
Supported NGSS Performance Expectations
- 3-ESS2-1: Represent data in tables and graphical displays to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season.
- 4-ESS2-2: Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.
- 5-ESS2-1: Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
- MS-ESS3-2: Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
- Students will analyze NASA sea surface temperature data to use as evidence to explain a phenomenon.
- Students will explore how hurricanes gain energy from the ocean surface.
- How is the development of a hurricane affected by sea surface temperature?
- How is thermal energy transferred within a hurricane system?
- How does a hurricane affect the different spheres within the Earth System?
National Geography Standard
How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
SCIENCE: Atmospheric Scientist
ENGINEERING: Software Engineer
- Internet Required
- One-to-One (tablet, laptop, or CPU)
- Visualization Tool Required