Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

The My NASA Data visualization tool, Earth System Data Explorer (ESDE), helps learners visualize complex Earth System data sets over space and time. Below, datasets are organized by Earth System sphere, science variable, dataset name, and start/end dates. Click on the Dataset Name to go directly to this variable on the ESDE. There you will find a description of this variable, the units in which they are measured, and the NASA (or other) mission in which they are collected. Please note that these collections are continuously updated. If you don't see what you are looking for, contact us at larc-mynasadata@mail.nasa.gov.

Image Credit: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain

atmosphere


Atmosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Aerosols Daily Aerosol Optical Depth 1/1/2018 7/12/2020
Aerosols Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth 03/2000 08/2020
Albedo Monthly Albedo at Top of Atmosphere with Clouds 03/2000 07/2020
CH4 Monthly Concentration of CH4 in the Lower Troposphere 01/2019 04/2021
CO Monthly Air Column Concentration of CO 09/2002 08/2019
CO2 Monthly Concentration of CO2 in Lower Troposphere 09/2002 12/2020
NO2 Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2 10/2004 04/2021
NO2 Daily Air Column Concentration of NO2 1/1/2019 05/13/2021
Ozone Monthly Total Column Ozone 10/2004 04/2021
SO2 Monthly Air Column Concentration of SO2 10/2004 04/2021
High Cloud Coverage Daily High Cloud Coverage Monthly High Cloud Coverage 03/01/2000
03/2000
01/31/2021
12/2020
Middle Cloud Coverage Daily Middle Cloud Coverage Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage 03/01/2000
03/2000
01/31/2021
12/2020
Low Cloud Coverage Daily Low Cloud Coverage Monthly Low Cloud Coverage 03/01/2000
03/2000
01/31/2021
12/2020
Total Cloud Coverage Daily Total Cloud Coverage Monthly Total Cloud Coverage 03/01/2000
03/2000
01/31/2021
12/2020
Cloud Opacity Monthly Cloud Opacity 03/2000 12/2020
Cloud Phase Monthly Cloud Phase 03/2000 12/2020
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Longwave Radiation 03/2000 11/2020
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation 03/2000 11/2020
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy out of Surface by Longwave Radiation 03/2000 11/2020
Net Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds
03/2000 05/2020
Net Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation without Clouds
03/2000 05/2020
Relative Humidity Daily Mean Relative Humidity
Monthly Mean Relative Humidity
01/2015
01/2000
09/2020
08/2020
Temperature Daily Mean Surface Air Temperature 01/2020 5/31/2020
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature 01/1980 3/2021
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly 01/1880 3/2021
Tropical Cyclones Number of Tropical Cyclones 1842 2018
Water Vapor Atmospheric Water Vapor 09/2002 10/2020
Precipitation Daily Precipitation Monthly Precipitation 01/2018 01/1979 12/2019 07/2020
Wind Speed Monthly Surface Wind Speed 05/2007 11/2019
Wind Speed  Eastward Surface Wind Speed Component (Ocean) 05/2007 11/2019
Wind Speed  Northward Surface Wind Speed Component (Ocean) 05/2007 11/2019
Wind Speed (Vectors) Monthly Near-surface Wind Vectors (Ocean) 05/2007  11/2019
Wind Speed  Eastward Surface Wind Speed Component (Land + Ocean) 01/1980 11/2020
Wind Speed  Northward Surface Wind Speed Component (Land + Ocean) 01/1980 11/2020
Wind Speed (Vectors) Monthly Near-Surface Wind Vectors (Land + Ocean) 01/1980 11/2020

biosphere


Biosphere 

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Biome Classification All Land Cover Types 2001 2018
Biome Classification Barren or Sparsely Vegetated 2001 2018
Biome Classification Closed Shrublands 2001 2018
Biome Classification Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaic 2001 2018
Biome Classification Croplands 2001 2018
Biome Classification Deciduous Broadleaf Forest 2001 2018
Biome Classification Deciduous Needleleaf Forest 2001 2018
Biome Classification Evergreen Broadleaf Forest 2001 2018
Biome Classification Evergreen Needleleaf Forest 2001 2018
Biome Classification Grasslands 2001 2018
Biome Classification Mixed Forests 2001 2018
Biome Classification Open Shrublands 2001 2018
Biome Classification Permanent Wetlands 2001 2018
Biome Classification Savannas 2001 2018
Biome Classification Snow and Ice 2001 2018
Biome Classification Urban and Built 2001 2018
Biome Classification Water 2001 2018
Biome Classification Woody Savannas 2001 2018
Coral Reefs Monthly Bleaching alert area 2000 2020
Coral Reefs Location of Coral Reefs 2011 2011
Coral Reefs Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature 12/1981 01/2021
COVID-19 Confirmed Case and Incidence Data Monthly Total Number of New Confirmed COVID Cases in the United States (Number of Cases) 03/2020 03/2021
COVID-19 Confirmed Case and Incidence Data Monthly Percentage of Population with New Reported COVID-19 Cases in the United States (Percent) 06/2020 03/2021
Gross Domestic Product  Gross Domestic Product 2005 2005
World Population  2010 Census 2010 2010
World Population  Estimate for 2015 2015 2015
World Population  Estimate for 2020 2020 2020
Vegetation Chlorophyll Concentration 01/2012 08/2020
Vegetation Monthly Leaf Area Index 01/2001 05/2019
Vegetation Monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index 01/2001 05/2019

Cryosphere


Cryosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Albedo Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface 03/2000 05/2019
Snow and Ice Extent Monthly Snow/Ice Percent Coverage  03/2000 10/2020
Glacier Extent Glacier Area 09/2018 09/2018
Sea Ice Extent Sea Ice Extent 1979-2017 01/1979 12/2017
Sea Ice Extent Sea Ice Extent 2018-2019 01/2018 12/2019

geosphere


Geosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Albedo Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface 03/2000 05/2019
Land Cover Classification All Land Cover Types 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Barren or Sparsely Vegetated 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Closed Shrublands 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaic 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Croplands 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Deciduous Broadleaf Forest 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Deciduous Needleleaf Forest 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Evergreen Broadleaf Forest 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Evergreen Needleleaf Forest 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Grasslands 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Mixed Forests 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Open Shrublands 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Permanent Wetlands 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Savannas 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Snow and Ice 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Urban and Built 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Water 2001 2018
Land Cover Classification Woody Savannas 2001 2018
Seafloor Sediments Type of Seafloor Sediment 1885 2014
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Daytime Skin Temperature 09/2002 10/2020
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Nighttime Skin Temperature 09/2002 10/2020
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Surface (Skin) Temperature (degrees Celsius) 09/2002 10/2020
Soil Moisture Daily Soil Moisture
NOTE: Data for 06/20/2019 to 07/22/2019 is not available. 
01/2018 08/24/2020
Soil Moisture Groundwater Storage Percentile 06/2017 12/1/2019
Soil Moisture Monthly Mean Soil Moisture 01/1948 07/2019
Soil Moisture Root Zone Soil Moisture Percentile  06/2017 12/1/2019
Topography and Bathymetry Topography and Bathymetry 2011 2011
Volcanoes Location of Volcanoes n/a n/a

Hydrosphere


Hydrosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Precipitation Daily Precipitation 01/2018 12/2019
Precipitation Monthly Precipitation 01/1979 07/2020
Sea Surface Properties      Daily Sea Surface Temperature (1995-2008) 01/1995 12/2008
Sea Surface Properties Daily Sea Surface Temperature (2009-2020) 01/2009 05/04/2021
Sea Surface Properties Eastward Surface Ocean Current Speed Component 01/2009 12/26/2020
Sea Surface Properties Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature 12/1981 04/2020
Sea Surface Properties Northward Surface Ocean Current Speed Component 01/2009 12/26/2020
Sea Surface Properties Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly       01/1997 05/2020
Sea Surface Properties Sea Surface Salinity 04/2015 07/2020
Sea Surface Properties Surface Ocean Current Velocity Vector 01/2009 12/26/2020
Topography and Bathymetry Topography and Bathymetry 2011 2011
U.S. Watersheds U.S. Watersheds 2018 2018
World Rivers World Rivers and Average River Discharge 1961 1990
World Watersheds World Watershed Boundaries n/a n/a

Updates: 

  • On May 26, 2021, Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly was updated and now features data from a different source.  Data for some years may have slightly different values when compared to the previous version, especially at any time after 2012.