Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

The My NASA Data visualization tool, Earth System Data Explorer (ESDE), helps learners visualize complex Earth System data sets over space and time. Below, datasets are organized by Earth System sphere, science variable, dataset name, and start/end dates. Click on the Dataset Name to go directly to this variable on the ESDE. There you will find a description of this variable, the units in which they are measured, and the NASA (or other) mission in which they are collected. Please note that these collections are continuously updated. If you don't see what you are looking for, contact us at larc-mynasadata@mail.nasa.gov.

Image Credit: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain

atmosphere


Atmosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name   Start Date End Date
Aerosols Daily Aerosol Optical Depth   1/1/2018 1/31/2022
Aerosols Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth   03/2000 08/2021
Aerosols Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2   10/2004 03/2022
Aerosols Monthly Air Column Concentration of SO2   10/2004 03/2022
Albedo Monthly Albedo Measured From Space   03/2000 07/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Daily Aerosol Optical Depth   1/1/2018 1/31/2022
Atmospheric Chemistry Daily Air Column Concentration of NO2   1/1/2019 04/09/2022
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth   03/2000 08/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Air Column Concentration Anomaly of NO2   10/2004 02/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2   10/2004 03/2022
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Air Column Concentration of Ozone   10/2004 03/2022
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Air Column Concentration of SO2   10/2004 03/2022
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Lower Tropospheric Concentration of CH4   01/2019 04/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Lower Tropospheric Concentration of CO   09/2002 8/01/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Tropospheric Concentration of CO2   01/2010 08/2021
Atmospheric Chemistry Monthly Tropospheric Concentration of Ozone   01/2005 12/2020
Climate Monthly Average Precipitation Rate (Combined Sources)   01/1979 08/2021
Climate Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds   03/2000 05/2021
Climate Monthly Surface Air Temperature   01/1980 12/2021
Climate
Future Climate Model Projections (sorted by model)
Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model - Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model - Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model - Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model - Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model - Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -      Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -      Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -     Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -      Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -      Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model - Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model - Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model - Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model - Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model - Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -         Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -         Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -         Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -         Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -         Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate
Future Climate Model Projections (sorted by scenario)
Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model -     Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -        Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model -  Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -          Scenario 1   2020 2099
Climate Yearly surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model -      Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -          Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model -    Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -           Scenario 2   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model -       Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -          Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model -    Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -           Scenario 3   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model -       Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -          Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model -    Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -           Scenario 4   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - CNRM Model -       Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - IPSL Model -          Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MIROC6 Model -    Scenario 5   2020 2099
Climate Yearly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly - MRI Model -           Scenario 5   2020 2099
Cloud Cover Daily High Cloud Coverage   3/1/2000 11/30/2021
Cloud Cover Daily Low Cloud Coverage   3/1/2000 11/30/2021
Cloud Cover Daily Middle Cloud Coverage   3/1/2000 11/30/2021
Cloud Cover Daily Total Cloud Coverage   3/1/2000 11/30/2021
Cloud Cover Monthly High Cloud Coverage   03/2000 06/2021
Cloud Cover Monthly Low Cloud Coverage   03/2000 06/2021
Cloud Cover Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage   03/2000 06/2021
Cloud Cover Monthly Total Cloud Coverage   03/2000 06/2021
Cloud Properties Monthly Cloud Opacity   03/2000 11/2021
Cloud Properties Monthly Cloud Phase   03/2000 11/2021
Greenhouse Gases Monthly Concentration of CH4 in the Lower Troposphere   01/2019 04/2021
Greenhouse Gases Monthly Total Column Ozone   10/2004 03/2022
Greenhouse Gases Monthly Tropospheric Concentration of CO2   09/2002 8/2021
Greenhouse Gases Monthly Water Vapor in the Atmosphere   09/2002 12/2021
Latent and Sensible Heat Monthly Average Flow of Energy out of the Surface by Conduction and Thermals (Sensible Heat)   01/2002 07/2021
Latent and Sensible Heat Monthly Average Flow of Energy out of the Surface by the Change of Phase of Water (Latent Heat)   01/2002 07/2021
Longwave and Shortwave Radiation at the Earth's Surface Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Longwave Radiation   03/2000 06/2021
Longwave and Shortwave Radiation at the Earth's Surface Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation   03/2000 06/2021
Longwave and Shortwave Radiation at the Earth's Surface Monthly Flow of Energy out of Surface by Longwave Radiation   03/2000 06/2021
Longwave and Shortwave Radiation at the Earth's Surface Monthly Flow of Energy out of Surface by Shortwave Radiation   03/2000 06/2021
Net Atmospheric Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds
  03/2000 05/2021
Net Atmospheric Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation without Clouds
  03/2000 05/2021
Precipitation and Water Vapor Daily Mean Relative Humidity   1/1/2015 2/13/2022
Precipitation and Water Vapor Daily Precipitation Amount   1/1/2017 9/30/2020
Precipitation and Water Vapor Monthly Average Precipitation Rate (Combined Sources)   01/1979 03/2022
Precipitation and Water Vapor Monthly Average Precipitation Rate (Satellite Observed)   06/2000 09/2021
Precipitation and Water Vapor Monthly Mean Relative Humidity   01/2000 09/2021
Precipitation and Water Vapor Monthly Precipitation Anomaly (Combined Sources)   01/1979 03/2022
Precipitation and Water Vapor Monthly Water Vapor in the Atmosphere   09/2002 12/2021
Temperature Daily Mean Surface Air Temperature   1/1/2019 12/31/2021
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature   01/1980 12/2021
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly   01/1880 03/2022
Tropical Cyclones Number of Tropical Cyclones   1842 2020
Wind Speed and Vectors Monthly Eastward Surface Wind Speed Component (Land + Ocean)   01/1980 12/2021
Wind Speed and Vectors Monthly Near-Surface Wind Vectors (Land + Ocean)   01/1980 12/2021
Wind Speed and Vectors Monthly Northward Surface Wind Speed Component (Land + Ocean)   01/1980 12/2021

biosphere


Biosphere 

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Biome Classification Yearly All Land Cover Types 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Barren or Sparsely Vegetated Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Closed Shrublands Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaic Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Croplands Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Deciduous Broadleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Deciduous Needleleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Evergreen Broadleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Evergreen Needleleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Grasslands Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Mixed Forests Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Open Shrublands Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Permanent Wetlands Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Savannas Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Snow and Ice Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Urban and Built Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Water Coverage 2001 2019
Biome Classification Yearly Woody Savannas Coverage 2001 2019
Coral Reefs Daily Sea Surface Temperature (1995-2008) 1/1/1995 12/31/2008
Coral Reefs Daily Sea Surface Temperature (2009-present) 12/1/2009 11/22/2021
Coral Reefs Location of Coral Reefs 2011 2011
Coral Reefs Monthly Bleaching Alert Area 1/2000 12/2021
Coral Reefs Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature 12/1981 03/2022
COVID-19 Data Monthly Percentage of Population with New Reported COVID-19 Cases in the United States 6/2020 2/2022
COVID-19 Data Monthly Total Number of New Confirmed COVID Cases in the United States 03/2020 02/2022
Gross Domestic Product  Gross Domestic Product 2005 2005
Population  World Population (2010 Census) 2010 2010
Population  World Population (Estimate for 2015) 2015 2015
Population  World Population (Estimate for 2020) 2020 2020
Vegetation Monthly Chlorophyll Concentration 01/2012 12/2021
Vegetation Monthly Leaf Area Index 01/2001 08/2021
Vegetation Monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index 01/2001 08/2021

Cryosphere


Cryosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Albedo Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface 03/2000 06/2021
Snow and Ice Extent Monthly Snow/Ice Percent Coverage  03/2000 01/2022
Glacier Extent Glacier Area 09/2018 09/2018
Sea Ice Extent (Northern Hemisphere) Monthly Sea Ice Extent 1979-2017 01/1979 12/2017
Sea Ice Extent (Northern Hemisphere) Monthly Sea Ice Extent 2018-2020 1/2018 05/2021
Sea Ice Extent (Southern Hemisphere) Monthly Sea Ice Extent 2018-2019 01/2018 05/2021

geosphere


Geosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Albedo Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface 03/2000 06/2021
Land Cover Classification Yearly All Land Cover Types 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Barren or Sparsely Vegetated Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Closed Shrublands Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaic Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Croplands Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Deciduous Broadleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Deciduous Needleleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Evergreen Broadleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Evergreen Needleleaf Forest Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Grasslands Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Mixed Forests Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Open Shrublands Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Permanent Wetlands Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Savannas Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Snow and Ice Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Urban and Built Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Water Coverage 2001 2019
Land Cover Classification Yearly Woody Savannas Coverage 2001 2019
Seafloor Sediments Type of Seafloor Sediment 1885 2014
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Daytime Surface (Skin) Temperature 09/2002 01/2022
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Nighttime Surface (Skin) Temperature 09/2002 01/2022
Surface Skin Temperature Monthly Surface (Skin) Temperature (degrees Celsius) 09/2002 10/2020
Soil Moisture 7-day Average Groundwater Storage Percentile 06/5/2017 02/7/2022
Soil Moisture 7-day Average Root Zone Soil Moisture Percentile 06/5/2017 02/7/2022
Soil Moisture Daily Soil Moisture
NOTE: Data for 06/20/2019 to 07/22/2019 is not available. 
01/2018 08/24/2020
Soil Moisture Monthly Mean Soil Moisture 01/1948 09/2021
Topography and Bathymetry Topography and Bathymetry 2011 2011
Volcanoes Location of Volcanoes n/a n/a

Hydrosphere


Hydrosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Precipitation Daily Precipitation Amount 01/1/2017 09/30/2021
Precipitation Monthly Average Precipitation Rate (Combined Sources) 01/1979 03/2022
Precipitation Monthly Average Precipitation Rate (Satellite Observed) 06/2000 09/2021
Precipitation Monthly Precipitation Anomaly (Combined Sources) 01/1979 03/2022
Sea Surface Properties 5-day Average Eastward Surface Ocean Current Speed Component 01/1/2009 12/26/2020
Sea Surface Properties 5-day Average Northward Surface Ocean Current Speed Component 01/1/2009 12/26/2020
Sea Surface Properties 5-day Average Surface Ocean Current Velocity Vector 01/1/2009 12/26/2020
Sea Surface Properties Annual Mean Ocean Acidity 01/1/1770 01/1/2000
Sea Surface Properties      Daily Sea Surface Temperature (1995-2008) 01/1995 12//31/2008
Sea Surface Properties Daily Sea Surface Temperature (2009-2021) 01/2009 11/22/2021
Sea Surface Properties Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature 12/1981 03/2022
Sea Surface Properties Monthly Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly       01/1997 07/2021
Sea Surface Properties Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 04/2015 12/2021
Sea Surface Properties Monthly Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly 01/1982 12/2021
Topography and Bathymetry Topography and Bathymetry 2011 2011
U.S. Watersheds U.S. Watersheds 2018 2018
World Rivers World Rivers and Average River Discharge 1961 1990
World Watersheds World Watershed Boundaries n/a n/a

Updates: 

  • On May 26, 2021, Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly was updated and now features data from a different source.  Data for some years may have slightly different values when compared to the previous version, especially at any time after 2012.