Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

The My NASA Data visualization tool, Earth System Data Explorer (ESDE), helps learners visualize complex Earth System data sets over space and time. Below, datasets are organized by Earth System sphere, science variable, dataset name, and start/end dates. Click on the Dataset Name to go directly to this variable on the ESDE. There you will find a description of this variable, the units in which they are measured, and the NASA (or other) mission in which they are collected. Please note that these collections are continuously updated. If you don't see what you are looking for, contact us at mynasadata@lists.nasa.gov.

atmosphere


Atmosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Aerosols Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth Mar 2000 May 2019
Albedo Monthly Albedo at Top of Atmosphere with Clouds Mar 2000 Dec 2018
CO Monthly Air Column Concentration of CO Nov 2002 Aug 2019
NO2 Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2 Oct 2004 May 2019
CO2 Monthly Concentration of CO2 in Troposphere Jan 2010 Feb 2017
Ozone Monthly Total Column Ozone Oct 2004 May 2019
High Cloud Coverage Monthly High Cloud Coverage Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Middle Cloud Coverage Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Low Cloud Coverage Monthly Low Cloud Coverage Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Total Cloud Coverage Monthly Total Cloud Coverage Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Cloud Opacity Cloud Opacity Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Cloud Phase Cloud Phase Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Longwave Radiation Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Radiation Monthly Flow of Energy out of Surface by Longwave Radiation Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Net Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds
Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Net Radiation Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation without Clouds
Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Temperature Monthly Daytime Temperature at Different Heights in the Atmosphere Sept 2002 Jun 2019
Temperature Monthly Nighttime Temperature at Different Heights in the Atmosphere Sept 2002 Jun 2019
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature Jan 1980 Feb 2019
Temperature Monthly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly Jan 1880 Jun 2019
Tropical Cyclones Number of Tropical Cyclones 1842 2018
Water Vapor Atmospheric Water Vapor Sept 2002 Dec 2018
Wind Speed Monthly Surface Wind Speed May 2007 Dec 2018
Wind Speed Eastward Surface Wind Speed Component May 2007 Dec 2018

biosphere


Biosphere 

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Gross Domestic Product  Gross Domestic Product 2005 2005
World Population  Census 2010 2010
World Population  Estimate for 2015 2015 2015
World Population  Estimate for 2020 2020 2020
Vegetation Chlorophyll Concentration Jan 2012 Jan 2019
Vegetation Monthly Leaf Area Index Jan 2001 May 2019
Vegetation Monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Jan 2001 May 2019

Cryosphere


Cryosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Snow and Ice Extent Monthly Snow/Ice Percent Coverage  Mar 2000 Jan 2019
Glacier Extent Glacier Area Sept 2018 Sept 2018
Sea Ice Extent Sea Ice Extent Jan 1979 Dec 2017

geosphere


Geosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Surface Skin Temperature Daytime Skin Temperature Sept 2002 July 2019
Surface Skin Temperature Nighttime Skin Temperature Sept 2002 July 2019
Soil Moisture Daily Soil Moisture Apr 2015 Apr 16 2019
Soil Moisture Groundwater Storage Percentile Jun 2017 Aug 2019
Soil Moisture Monthly Mean Soil Moisture Jan 1948 July 2019
Soil Moisture Root Zone Soil Moisture Percentile  Jun 2017 Aug 2019

Hydrosphere


Hydrosphere

Science Variable Dataset Name Start Date End Date
Precipitation Monthly Precipitation Jan 1979 Jun 2018
Sea Surface Properties      Daily Sea Surface Temperature Jan 1995 Apr 2019
Sea Surface Properties 5 -day mean Sea Surface Height Anomaly       Jun 2018 Oct 1992
Sea Surface Properties Sea Surface Salinity Apr 2015 May 2019
World Rivers World Rivers & Discharge (Averaged) 1961 1990
World Rivers World Watershed Boundaries n/a n/a