Earth System Data Explorer Data Citations

Data Collections: Earth System Data Explorer

The My NASA Data visualization tool, Earth System Data Explorer (ESDE), helps learners visualize complex Earth System data sets over space and time. Below, datasets are organized by Earth System sphere, science variable, dataset name, and start/end dates. Click on the Dataset Name to go directly to this variable on the ESDE. There you will find a description of this variable, the units in which they are measured, and the NASA (or other) mission in which they are collected. Please note that these collections are continuously updated. If you don't see what you are looking for, contact us at larc-mynasadata@mail.nasa.gov.

Image Credit: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain

atmosphere


Atmosphere

Dataset Name Citation
CNRM Climate Model: Scenarios 1 - 5 Copernicus Climate Change Service, Climate Data Store, (2021): CMIP6 climate projections. Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Climate Data Store (CDS). DOI: 10.24381/cds.c866074c (Accessed on 11-Apr-2024)
Daily High Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Low Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Middle Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Precipitation Amount Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 Half Hourly 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [4-18-2023], doi:10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-HH/06
Daily Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_lnd_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Land Surface Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/RKPHT8KC1Y1T
Daily Total Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
IPSL Climate Model: Scenarios 1-5 Copernicus Climate Change Service, Climate Data Store, (2021): CMIP6 climate projections. Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Climate Data Store (CDS). DOI: 10.24381/cds.c866074c (Accessed on 11-Apr-2024)
MIROC6 Climate Model: Scenarios 1-5 Copernicus Climate Change Service, Climate Data Store, (2021): CMIP6 climate projections. Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Climate Data Store (CDS). DOI: 10.24381/cds.c866074c (Accessed on 11-Apr-2024)
Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2008). MISR Level 3 Component Global Aerosol product in netCDF format covering a month V006 [MIL3MAEN.004]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra/MISR/MIL3MAEN_L3.004
Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2 Nickolay A. Krotkov, Lok N. Lamsal, Sergey V. Marchenko, Edward A. Celarier, Eric J.Bucsela, William H. Swartz, Joanna Joiner and the OMI core team (2019), OMI/Aura NO2 Cloud-Screened Total and Tropospheric Column L3 Global Gridded 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3007
Monthly Air Column Concentration of Ozone Pepijn Veefkind (2012), OMI/Aura Ozone (O3) DOAS Total Column L3 1 day 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3005
Monthly Air Column Concentration of SO2 Can Li, Nickolay A. Krotkov, and Peter Leonard (2020), OMI/Aura Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) Total Column L3 1 day Best Pixel in 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3008
Monthly Albedo Measured From Space NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [EBAF_L3B004.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Daytime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.2 [EBAF_+L3B0042]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Low Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Lower Tropospheric Concentration of CH4 AIRS project (2019), Aqua/AIRS L3 Monthly Standard Physical Retrieval (AIRS-only) 1 degree x 1 degree V7.0, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [6-04-2024], 10.5067/UBENJB9D3T2H
Monthly Lower Tropospheric Concentration of CO AIRS Science Team/Joao Teixeira (2013), AIRS/Aqua L3 Monthly Support Monthly Product (AIRS+AMSU+HSB) 1 degree x 1 degree V007, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [5/13/2023], 10.5067/Aqua/AIRS/DATA323
Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [CERES -EBAF_Ed4.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Nighttime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Precipitation Anomaly (Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate (Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate (Satellite Observed) Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 1 month 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [1/17/2024], 10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-MONTH/06
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), inst3_3d_asm_Cp: MERRA-2 3D IAU State, Meteorology Instantaneous 3-hourly (p-coord, 0.625x0.5L42), version 5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/11/2024 at doi: 10.5067/VJAFPLI1CSIV
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), tavgM_2d_slv_Nx: Monthly mean,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Single-Level Diagnostics V5.12.4 Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/22/2024 at 10.5067/AP1B0BA5PD2K
Monthly Total Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra-Aqua Edition4.1 [CERES_SYN1deg-Monthly_Terra-Aqua-MODIS _L3.004A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA+AQUA/CERES/SYN1DEGMONTH_Lc.0041
Monthly Tropospheric Concentration of CO2 Chris Barnet (2019), Sounder SIPS: AQUA AIRS IR-only Level 3 CLIMCAPS : Comprehensive Quality Control Gridded Daily V2, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [12/6/2023], 10.5067/BZBSA32DWAPN
Monthly Water Vapor in the Atmosphere AIRS Science Team/Joao Teixeira (2013), AIRS/Aqua L3 Monthly Standard Physical Retrieval (AIRS-only) 1 degree x 1 degree V006, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [07/22/2022], 10.5067/Aqua/AIRS/DATA321
MRI Climate Model: Scenarios 1-5 Copernicus Climate Change Service, Climate Data Store, (2021): CMIP6 climate projections. Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Climate Data Store (CDS). DOI: 10.24381/cds.c866074c (Accessed on 11-Apr-2024)

biosphere


Biosphere 

Dataset Name Citation
Monthly Chlorophyll Concentration NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Ocean Ecology Laboratory, Ocean Biology Processing Group.
Visible and Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Chlorophyll Concentration Data; NASA OB.DAAC, Greenbelt, MD, USA. doi: 10.5067/SUOMI-NPP/VIIRS/L3B/CHL/2022.
Accessed on 7/9/2024
Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.2 [CERES-EBAF_Ed4.2]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Leaf Area Index NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2008). MISR Level 3 Component Global Land product in netCDF format covering a month V006 [MISR_CGLAS_F06_0032]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra/MISR/MIL3MLSN_L3.004
Monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Didan, K. (2021). MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices Monthly L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V061 [MOD13A3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. Accessed 2024-05-02 from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD13A3.061

Cryosphere


Cryosphere

Dataset Name Citation
Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [CERES-EBAF_L3B004.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Snow/Ice Percent Coverage  NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2015). CERES Time-Interpolated TOA Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra Edition4.1 [CERES_SSF1deg_Month_Terra-Modis_Ed4.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA/CERES/SSF1DEGMONTH_L3.004A
Monthly Sea Ice Extent (Northern Hemisphere) Walsh, J. E., W. L. Chapman, F. Fetterer, and J. S. Stewart. (2019). Gridded Monthly Sea Ice Extent and Concentration, 1850 Onward, Version 2 [QSICregrid]. Boulder, Colorado USA. National Snow and Ice Data Center. https://doi.org/10.7265/jj4s-tq79. Date Accessed 04-29-2024.
 

geosphere


Geosphere

Dataset Name Citation
Daily High Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Low Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Middle Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Total Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [CERES_SSF1deg_Month_Terra-MODIS_Ed4.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Daytime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Low Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Mean Soil Moisture Performance and Analysis of the constructed analogue method applied to US soil moisture applied over 1981-2001. Huug van den Dool, Jin Huang and Yun Fan, J. of Geophysical Research, vol. 108, 2003, p 1-16
Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Nighttime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), inst3_3d_asm_Cp: MERRA-2 3D IAU State, Meteorology Instantaneous 3-hourly (p-coord, 0.625x0.5L42), version 5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/11/2024 at doi: 10.5067/VJAFPLI1CSIV
Monthly Total Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra-Aqua Edition4.1 [CERES_SYN1deg-Monthly_Terra-Aqua-MODIS _L3.004A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA+AQUA/CERES/SYN1DEGMONTH_Lc.0041

Hydrosphere


Hydrosphere

Dataset Name Citation
Daily Mean Sea Surface Temperature Richard W. Reynolds, Viva F. Banzon, and NOAA CDR Program (2008): NOAA Optimum Interpolation 1/4 Degree Daily Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) Analysis, Version 2. [sst]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5SQ8XB5 [4/29/2024].
Daily Precipitation Amount Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 Half Hourly 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [4-18-2023], doi:10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-HH/06
Daily Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_lnd_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Land Surface Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/RKPHT8KC1Y1T
Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature Reynolds, R.W., N.A. Rayner, T.M. Smith, D.C. Stokes, and W. Wang, 2002: An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate. J. Climate, 15, 1609-1625.
Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Reynolds, R.W., N.A. Rayner, T.M. Smith, D.C. Stokes, and W. Wang, 2002: An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate. J. Climate, 15, 1609-1625.
Monthly Precipitation Anomaly (Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate (Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate (Satellite Observed) Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 1 month 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [1/17/2024], 10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-MONTH/06
Monthly Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information. SEALEVEL_GLO_PHY_L4_MY_008_047: GLOBAL OCEAN GRIDDED L4 SEA SURFACE HEIGHTS AND DERIVED VARIABLES REPROCESSED (1993-ONGOING). Accessed on 2/22/2023 at https://doi.org/10.48670/moi-00148
Monthly Sea Surface Salinity Remote Sensing Systems (RSS). 2019. SMAP Sea Surface Salinity Products. Ver. 5.0. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [2023-02-22] at https://doi.org/10.5067/SMP40-3SMCS
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), inst3_3d_asm_Cp: MERRA-2 3D IAU State, Meteorology Instantaneous 3-hourly (p-coord, 0.625x0.5L42), version 5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/11/2024 at doi: 10.5067/VJAFPLI1CSIV

Earth as a System


Earth As A System

Dataset Name Citation
Daily High Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Low Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Mean Sea Surface Temperature Richard W. Reynolds, Viva F. Banzon, and NOAA CDR Program (2008): NOAA Optimum Interpolation 1/4 Degree Daily Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) Analysis, Version 2. [sst]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5SQ8XB5 [4/29/2024].
Daily Middle Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Daily Precipitation Amount Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 Half Hourly 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [4-18-2023], doi:10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-HH/06
Daily Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_lnd_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Land Surface Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/RKPHT8KC1Y1T
Daily Total Cloud Coverage Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), MERRA-2 tavg1_2d_rad_Nx: 2d,1-Hourly,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Radiation Diagnostics V5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [9-27-2023], 10.5067/Q9QMY5PBNV1T
Monthly Aerosol Optical Depth NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2008). MISR Level 3 Component Global Aerosol product in netCDF format covering a month V006 [MIL3MAEN.004]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra/MISR/MIL3MAEN_L3.004
Monthly Air Column Concentration of NO2 Nickolay A. Krotkov, Lok N. Lamsal, Sergey V. Marchenko, Edward A. Celarier, Eric J.Bucsela, William H. Swartz, Joanna Joiner and the OMI core team (2019), OMI/Aura NO2 Cloud-Screened Total and Tropospheric Column L3 Global Gridded 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3007
Monthly Air Column Concentration of Ozone Pepijn Veefkind (2012), OMI/Aura Ozone (O3) DOAS Total Column L3 1 day 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3005
Monthly Air Column Concentration of SO2 Can Li, Nickolay A. Krotkov, and Peter Leonard (2020), OMI/Aura Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) Total Column L3 1 day Best Pixel in 0.25 degree x 0.25 degree V3, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [8/23/2023], 10.5067/Aura/OMI/DATA3008
Monthly Albedo Measured at the Surface NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [CERES_SSF1deg_Month_Terra-MODIS_Ed4.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Daytime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Flow of Energy into Surface by Shortwave Radiation NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.2 [CERES-EBAF_Ed4.2]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Leaf Area Index NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2008). MISR Level 3 Component Global Land product in netCDF format covering a month V006 [MISR_CGLAS_F06_0032]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra/MISR/MIL3MLSN_L3.004
Monthly Low Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Mean Sea Surface Temperature Reynolds, R.W., N.A. Rayner, T.M. Smith, D.C. Stokes, and W. Wang, 2002: An improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate. J. Climate, 15, 1609-1625.
Monthly Middle Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Daily Terra-Aqua Edition4A [CER_SYN1deg-Day_Terra-Aqua-MODIS_Edition4A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/Terra+Aqua/CERES/SYN1degDay_L3.004A
Monthly Net Flow of Energy towards Earth
by Longwave and Shortwave Radiation with Clouds
NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2019). CERES Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) TOA and Surface Monthly means data in netCDF Edition 4.1 [CERES -EBAF_Ed4.1]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA-AQUA/CERES/EBAF_L3B.004.1
Monthly Nighttime Surface (Skin) Temperature Hulley, G., Hook, S. (2021). MODIS/Terra Land Surface Temperature/3-Band Emissivity Monthly L3 Global 0.05Deg CMG V061 [MOD21C3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. [4-22-2024] from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD21C3.061
Monthly Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Didan, K. (2021). MODIS/Terra Vegetation Indices Monthly L3 Global 1km SIN Grid V061 [MOD13A3.061]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center. Accessed 2024-05-02 from https://doi.org/10.5067/MODIS/MOD13A3.061
Monthly Precipitation Anomaly (Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate(Combined Sources) Adler, R.F., G.J. Huffman, A. Chang, R. Ferraro, P. Xie, J. Janowiak, B. Rudolf, U. Schneider, S. Curtis, D. Bolvin, A. Gruber, J. Susskind, and P. Arkin, 2003: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present). J. Hydrometeor., 4,1147-1167.
Monthly Precipitation Rate(Satellite Observed) Huffman, G.J., E.F. Stocker, D.T. Bolvin, E.J. Nelkin, Jackson Tan (2019), GPM IMERG Final Precipitation L3 1 month 0.1 degree x 0.1 degree V06, Greenbelt, MD, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [1/17/2024], 10.5067/GPM/IMERG/3B-MONTH/06
Monthly Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information. SEALEVEL_GLO_PHY_L4_MY_008_047: GLOBAL OCEAN GRIDDED L4 SEA SURFACE HEIGHTS AND DERIVED VARIABLES REPROCESSED (1993-ONGOING). Accessed on 2/22/2023 at https://doi.org/10.48670/moi-00148
Monthly Sea Surface Salinity Remote Sensing Systems (RSS). 2019. SMAP Sea Surface Salinity Products. Ver. 5.0. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [2023-02-22] at https://doi.org/10.5067/SMP40-3SMCS
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), inst3_3d_asm_Cp: MERRA-2 3D IAU State, Meteorology Instantaneous 3-hourly (p-coord, 0.625x0.5L42), version 5.12.4, Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/11/2024 at doi: 10.5067/VJAFPLI1CSIV
Monthly Surface Air Temperature Anomaly Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) (2015), tavgM_2d_slv_Nx: Monthly mean,Time-Averaged,Single-Level,Assimilation,Single-Level Diagnostics V5.12.4 Greenbelt, MD, USA: Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (GSFC DAAC), Accessed 4/22/2024 at 10.5067/AP1B0BA5PD2K
Monthly Total Cloud Coverage NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC. (2017). CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra-Aqua Edition4.1 [CERES_SYN1deg-Monthly_Terra-Aqua-MODIS _L3.004A]. NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center DAAC. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5067/TERRA+AQUA/CERES/SYN1DEGMONTH_Lc.0041
Monthly Tropospheric Concentration of CO2 Chris Barnet (2019), Sounder SIPS: AQUA AIRS IR-only Level 3 CLIMCAPS : Comprehensive Quality Control Gridded Daily V2, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [12/6/2023], 10.5067/BZBSA32DWAPN
Monthly Water Vapor in the Atmosphere AIRS Science Team/Joao Teixeira (2013), AIRS/Aqua L3 Monthly Standard Physical Retrieval (AIRS-only) 1 degree x 1 degree V006, Greenbelt, MD, USA, Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC), Accessed: [07/22/2022], 10.5067/Aqua/AIRS/DATA321

Updates: 

  • On May 26, 2021, Sea Level (Sea Surface Height) Anomaly was updated and now features data from a different source.  Data for some years may have slightly different values when compared to the previous version, especially at any time after 2012.