Earth's Energy Budget Story Map
In this story map students will learn about the different components of the Earth's Energy Budget, where in the Earth System energy is being absorbed and reflected, and how features of the Earth such as clouds, aerosols, and greenhouse gases, can cause variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth Systems. In the final section, students make a claim as to why the Earth's Energy Budget is currently out of balance and provide evidence to support their reasoning.
This story map is intended to be used with students who have access to a computing device in a 1:1 or 1:2 setting.
Resources Needed Per Student:
- Student Data Sheet - Link
Resources Needed Per Group:
- Internet Access
- Link to the "Earth's Energy Budget Story Map" - Link
Visit the Story Map to access the 5 E Lesson.
Earth strives to maintain a balance between the overall amount of incoming and outgoing energy at the top of the atmosphere. This is called Earth’s energy budget or Earth's radiation budget. Earth receives incoming energy from the Sun. Earth also emits energy back to space. For Earth’s temperature to be stable over long periods of time (for the energy budget to be in balance), the amount incoming energy and outgoing energy must be equal. If incoming energy is more than outgoing energy, Earth will warm. If outgoing energy is greater than incoming energy, Earth will cool.
To learn more, visit The My NASA Data Earth's Energy Budget Phenomena page for background information.
Teachers who are interested in receiving the answer key, please complete the Teacher Key Request and Verification Form. We verify that requestors are teachers prior to sending access to the answer keys as we’ve had many students try to pass as teachers to gain access.
Supported NGSS Performance Expectations
- MS-ESS2-6: Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
- MS-ESS3-5: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
- HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
- HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
- Students will identify and describe the different components and flows of energy of the Earth's Energy Budget diagram.
- Students will observe the effects of albedo, clouds, aerosols, and greenhouse gases on Earth's Energy Budget.
- Students will differentiate between reflection and absorption.
- Students will use evidence to describe how imbalances occur in Earth's Energy Budget.
- Which parts of the Earth System impact the flow of energy into and out of the Earth System?
- How do clouds, aerosols, and greenhouse gases cause variations in the flow of energy into and out of the Earth System?
- What is albedo, and how does it impact Earth's Energy Budget?
- Why is Earth's Energy Budget out of balance?
National Geography Standards:
- How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
- Internet Required
- One-to-One (tablet, laptop, or CPU)