STEM Career Connections

SCIENCE: Soil Scientist

SCIENCE: Soil Scientist

Work Description

Soil scientists study the physical and chemical properties of soil. A soil scientist reviews the distribution, origin, and history of soil and plants, as well as identifying, interpreting, mapping and/or managing soils. This field is commonly applied for agricultural purposes. Fieldwork is frequently required.

Why is this job Important?

Soil scientists are important for a number of reasons:

  • find ways to increase soil productivity
  • conserve soil's properties
  • preserve soil quality
  • prevent erosion
  • monitor pollution


Soil scientists require a bachelor’s degree in science disciplines such as botany, biology, agriculture, geology, forestry, environmental science or agronomy. Those who wish to become a soil scientist that works as a consultant in the environmental, commercial, horticulture, and/or agriculture sectors need a master’s degree in the aforementioned fields. To work in research or a university position, a Ph.D. in one of the previously listed fields is required.

Related Fields

  • Landscaper Link
  • Conservation Planner Link
  • Beekeeper Link
  • Water Conservationist Link
  • Wetlands Designer Link

NASA Connections

Job Title NASA Examples:

  • Soil Fertility Expert
  • Soil Mapper
  • Soil Surveyor

NASA Career Links:

Related STEM Career Connections

Download this page