STEM Career Connections

SCIENCE: Botanist and Plant Scientist


Work Description

Botanists research plant characteristics like their physiological processes, their evolutionary history, resistance to disease, relationships to other parts of the Biosphere or sphere within the Earth System.  Many botanists work in different locations; some may work indoors in laboratories and offices conducting experiments while others may work in agriculture and spend much of their time outdoors. Some botanists may also discover new plant species and share their learning with the public through tours and events.

Why is this job Important?

Botanist make discoveries and develop solutions that result in new medicines, new types of crop cultivation, and new understandings of the importance of plants in our world. When they share information about the plant world with the public, they encourage deeper appreciation of the natural world.



Botanists require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in a science field such as botany, plant science, plant biology or general biology. In some of the academic programs, students also study mathematics, chemistry, physics, and biology. Incorporating these related fields with biology may create opportunities to do research as a laboratory technician or technical assistant. Students who want to become a botanist that work in the environmental, commercial, horticulture or agriculture sectors must receive a master’s degree. For those who wish to work in research or in a university position, they must obtain a Ph.D. in one of the previously listed fields.

Related Fields

  • Biologist 
  • environmental writer 
  • grower/agriculturalist 

NASA Connections

Job Title NASA Examples:  

  • Biological Sciences
  • Microbiology
  • Botanist
  • Plant Physiologist

NASA Career Links:

NASA Professional Profile

Meet Dr. Assaf Anyamba to learn more about his career in studying Earth's Biosphere here.Assaf Anyamb

Related STEM Career Connections

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