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Analyzing monthly environmental data from the North Atlantic Ocean will help you to learn more about how the water cycle affects sea surface salinity. Your challenge is to find the data set that most closely corresponds to sea surface salinity patterns.
Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to observe changing atmospheric temperatures as they collect many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale.
Credit: NASA Earth Observatory
If you want to understand how interconnected our planet is—how patterns and events in one place can affect life half a world away—study El Niño.
Please consider using this graphic organizer to help students analyze the processes and components of Earth System phenomena.
The Cryosphere refers to any place on Earth where water is in its solid form, where low temperatures freeze water and turn it into ice. The frozen water can be in the form of solid ice or snow and occurs in many places around the Earth.
Helping students build their understanding of Earth's spheres and how they are connected is difficult. Review the graphics below to help identify the parts of the Earth System and the processes that connect them at the local, regional, and global scales.
Ice, which covers 10 percent of Earth's surface, is disappearing rapidly. While the Arctic sea ice extent is declining, air temperatures are rising. Vegetation is changing, with tundra being replaced by shrubs. Permafrost is warming and thawing over parts of the Arctic.
What is the phenomenon of melting sea and land ice?
Ice is found all around our planet, from the highest peak in Africa to the icy North and South Poles.
Students will analyze surface temperature and solar radiation data to construct explanations about the relationship of seasons and temperature to the amount of solar energy received on Earth’s surface.
Students analyze map visualizations representing the amount of Sun’s energy received on theEarth as indicated by the amount that is reflected back to space, known as “albedo”.