GLOBE projects provide student research experiences to explore and learn about Earth through a network of students, teachers, and scientists.
Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) image of the sun with a huge, handle-shaped prominence, taken in 1999. Solar radiation is a primary driver of climate.
Hurricanes Michael and Willa of 2018 were both storms that intensified rapidly, one in the Gulf of Mexico and the other in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
Please consider using this graphic organizer to help students analyze the processes and components of Earth System phenomena.
The world's ocean is heated at the surface by the sun, and this heating is uneven for many reasons. Earth's rotation, revolution around the sun, and tilt all play a role, as do the wind-driven ocean surface currents.
Salinity is key to studying the water cycle and ocean circulation, both of which are related to climate. Over decades, the amount of salt in ocean basins has been fairly stable. The water cycle operates on much faster time scales, however, causing changes in salinity patterns.
The Earth acts as a giant engine that uses solar power to move air in the atmosphere and water in the ocean.
Check out this hands-on demonstration of the El Niño Effect, trade winds, and upwelling provided by NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab
Credit: JPL's Sea Level Program