Check out this hands-on demonstration of the El Niño Effect, trade winds, and upwelling provided by NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab
Credit: JPL's Sea Level Program
Scientific data are often represented by assigning ranges of numbers to specific colors. The colors are then used to make an images which allow us to see patterns more easily. Students will make a false color image using a set of numbers.
Analyzing monthly environmental data from the North Atlantic Ocean will help you to learn more about how the water cycle affects sea surface salinity. Your challenge is to find the data set that most closely corresponds to sea surface salinity patterns.
Sea surface temperature is a measure of the temperature of the very top layer of water. Scientists are not able to put a thermometer into every part of the ocean on Earth to measure its temperature.
Helping students build their understanding of Earth's spheres and how they are connected is difficult. Review the graphics below to help identify the parts of the Earth System and the processes that connect them at the local, regional, and global scales.