Helping students build their understanding of Earth's spheres and how they are connected is difficult. Review the graphics below to help identify the parts of the Earth System and the processes that connect them at the local, regional, and global scales.
Forests are an important and common feature of the Earth’s land cover, covering 31 percent of the total land surface. There are two regions in particular where forests are common.
Learn more about the different causes of sea level change and the scientific background of observations and projecting sea level. Find out about the history of measuring sea level and how state-of-the-art physical climate models predict sea level change into the future.
Check out this interactive data visualization and simulation tool. It explores the impact of collapsing polar ice sheets (
Evolution of the SMAP sea surface salinity (SSS) and soil moisture responses to Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria of 2017.
NASA Worldview is a free online visualization tool that is a great launchpad for learners who are new (or
Ice is found all around our planet, from the highest peak in Africa to the icy North and South Poles.
The Earth is constantly changing. Some of this change occurs slowly over many millennia, and some occurs relatively rapidly over the decades.
El Niño is a condition that sometimes occurs in the Pacific Ocean, but it is so big that it affects weather all over the world. Weather depends a lot on ocean temperatures. Where the ocean is warm, more clouds form, and more rain falls in that part of the world.