Science Practice: Developing and Using Models
- What relationships can be found between the various components of the Earth System in the energy budget model?
- What factors are affecting the energy that is being reflected and absorbed by the Earth?
MY NASA DATA Lesson Plans:
Using MY NASA DATA to Teach: Science and Engineering Practice: 2. Developing and Using Models
Modeling can begin in the earliest grades, with students’ models progressing from concrete “pictures” and/or physical scale models (e.g., a toy car) to more abstract representations of relevant relationships in later grades, such as a diagram representing forces on a particular object in a system. (NRC Framework, 2012, p 58)
K-2: Modeling in K-2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagrams, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.
- Use a model to represent relationships in the natural world. (K-ESS3-1)
- Develop a model to represent patterns in the natural world. (2-ESS2-2)
3-5: Modeling in 3-5 builds on K-2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.
- Develop a model using an example to describe a scientific principle. (5-ESS2-1)
6-8: Modeling in 6-8 builds on K-5 experiences and progresses to developing, using, and revising models to describe, test and predict more abstract phenomena and design systems.
- Develop and use a model to describe phenomena. (MS-ESS1-1) (MS-ESS1-2)
- Develop a model to describe unobservable mechanisms. (MS-ESS2-4)
9-12: Modeling in 9-12 builds on K-8 experiences and progresses to using, synthesizing, and developing models to predict and show relationships among variables between systems and their components in the natural and designed world(s).
- Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or between components of a system. (HS-ESS1-1) (HS-ESS2-1) (HS-ESS2-3) (HS-ESS2-6)
- Use a model to provide mechanistic accounts of phenomena. (HS-ESS2-4)