Lesson Plans

Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map

Student Handout(s)

Student Handout(s)

Grade Band

NGSS Science and Engineering Practices

Cross-Curricular Connections

National Geography Standard

How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.

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Purpose

Using various visualizations (i.e., images, charts, and graphs), students will explore the energy exchange that occurs when hurricanes extract heat energy from the ocean. This story map is intended to be used with students who have access to a computing device in a 1:1 or 1:2 setting.  

Virtual Teachers:  Make a copy of the Google Forms LogoGoogle Form of your choice so that you may assign it directly from your Google Drive into your Learning Management System (e.g., Google Classroom, Canvas, Schoology, etc.).  Do you need help incorporating these Google Forms into your Learning Management System?  If so, read this google doc logo Guide to Using Google Forms with My NASA Data.

arrowThe story map is available by clicking here.

Learning Objectives

  • Students will analyze NASA sea surface temperature data to use as evidence to explain a phenomenon.
  • Students will explore how hurricanes gain energy from the ocean surface.

Essential Questions

  1. How is the development of a hurricane affected by sea surface temperature?
  2. How is thermal energy transferred within a hurricane system?
  3. How does a hurricane affect the different spheres within the Earth System?

Materials Required

Per Student:

  • “Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map Datasheet”

Per Student/Small Group:

  • Computer or Tablet
  • Internet Access

Technology Requirements

  • Internet Required
  • One-to-One (tablet, laptop, or CPU)
  • Visualization Tool Required

Procedure

  1. Using an internet accessible device, students open the link to the Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map Lesson: link to begin their exploration of this phenomenon.
  2. Distribute the Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map Student Sheet. Have students navigate on their own through the Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate tabs of the story map to answer the questions and complete the activities on their student sheet.

Hurricanes as Heat Engines Story Map

Teacher Answer Key

Teachers who are interested in receiving the answer key, please contact My NASA Data from your school email address at mynasadata@lists.nasa.gov 

Extensions

data icon graph map

If your students need additional practice with data analysis, consider incorporating this story map with the My NASA Data Data Literacy Cubes.

STEM Career Connections

Atmospheric and Space Scientists - Investigate weather and climate related phenomena to prepare weather reports and forecasts for the public

Computer and Information Scientists – Conduct research in the field of computer and information science

Applications Software Developers – Develop and modify computer applications software that are used to communicate with satellites and people using satellite data

  • Computer Programmers
  • Systems Engineers
  • Software Engineers

Teacher Background Information

The passage of a hurricane causes a large transfer of heat between the ocean surface and the atmosphere. It also causes surface waters to diverge, bringing cooler water from below to the surface (upwelling). These effects are so large that they can be seen by a drop in sea surface temperature (SST) in satellite data observations along the path of the storm. The cooler water conditions may last for a week or longer after the storm.

Why Does NASA Study This Phenomenon?

Hurricanes are the most violent storms on Earth. They are like giant engines that use warm, moist air as fuel, which is why they form only over warm ocean waters near the equator. The warm, moist air over the ocean rises upward and as the air continues to rise the surrounding air swirls in to take its place. As the warm, moist air rises and cools off, clouds form creating a system of clouds and wind that spins and grows, fed by the ocean’s heat and water evaporating from the surface. NASA satellites gather sea surface temperature data that can be used to explore changes that occur.