a measure which identifies the eastwest location of a point on the Earth. It is the angular distance along a line of latitude from the Greenwich Meridian – a reference longitude set to be zero degrees. There are three equivalent ways to express longitude, and scientists tend to use them interchangeably. You may be most familiar with longitude as 0-180 East, and 0-180 West. It can also be expressed as 0-360 East, or just 0-360. In that case, 270 East is equivalent to 90 West. The third system arose in the computer era, when carrying both a number (0-180) and a character (East or West) was inconvenient. The new convention of -180 to +180 was then developed. In this case,-90 is equivalent to 90 West diagram showing longitude