Changing Air Temperatures: Learning Activities
Each of the GLOBE protocols has a set of learning activities to help students learn more about the instruments and procedures for the measurements, the content associated with the protocol and ways students and scientists can use the data that is being collected.
Overview: Students use the GLOBE Student Data Archive and visualizations to display current temperatures on a map of the world. They explore the patterns in the temperature map, looking especially for differences between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and between equatorial regions and high latitudes. Then students zoom in for a closer look at a region which has a high density of student reporting stations (such as US and Europe). They examine temperature maps for the region, from four dates during the past year (the solstices and equinoxes). Students compare and contrast the patterns in these maps, looking for seasonal patterns. At the end of the activity, students discuss the relative merits of different types of data displays: data tables, graphs and maps.
- Summarize the effect of latitude, elevation, and geography on global temperature patterns;
- Explore local and regional seasonal variations.
Climate and Latitude
Overview: Students investigate GLOBE air temperature data from five locations and deduce which location each dataset comes from after learning the relationship between distance from the equator and temperature.
- Match graphs of temperature data with locations given the latitude.
- Explain why they matched each graph to a particular location using knowledge that seasonal differences are larger further from the equator and temperatures are warmer near the equator.
Land, Water, and Air:
Overview: To help students understand that land and water heat and cool at different rates and that the properties of soil and water influence the heating of air above them.
- Students gain an understanding of GLOBE specifications for the instrument shelter and perform a guided inquiry project.